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The developing level of athletic ability is the most crucial factor to determine sports performance. The level of factors that constitute athletic competitive ability and their combination have direct and complicated relation with competitive ability. The theory of traditional competitive ability focuses on the static explanation and description of competitive ability, which contributes a lot to reveal the content of competitive ability and lead practical exercises. However, with the study on competitive ability going deeply, and the extending of practical exercises, the formal explanation of competitive ability structure and the dynamic relations between its elements has being revealing powerless and loosing its explanation and prediction strength gradually. The study on the regularity contained in overall function during the evolution of competitive ability structure is an important link the creation of competitive ability.Being based on the study of complex science, focusing on specific application of complex networks, this paper forms a theory model of network structure and deduces some statistical characteristics of this network structure. The study is supported by some study results of the national technological subject--, and makes tests on the theory modal of competitive ability. The conclusions are as following:(1)The revealing of structure and feature of competitive ability by using complicated and scientific methods expands research version and path. It also explores a new paradigm for creative research of competitive ability.(2)The network structure of competitive ability derives from ""point"" and resulted in ""edge"". ""Point"" is the basic opponent to form the network structure. ""edge"" is the driving force of evolution and upgrade. ""Add point"", ""add edge"", ""reduce point"", ""reduce edge"", ""measurement"" and ""enhance point"" are important mechanisms of the network evolution of competitive ability.(3)The core of the theory modal of the network structure of competitive ability is:suppose the modal begins with a completed picture possesses m0 points. During ach period, the following operations are to be made: add a new point with edge ""m"" on the base of probability ""p""; chose m edges (measure 1) on the base of probability ""q"", reduce measure 1 of every edge, cancel a point and add measure lof every edge with probability ""w""(4) See from the statistical characteristics, the network structure of competitive ability belongs to scale-free network, which is provided with small world phenomenon. In the process of developing and upgrading the network structure of competitive ability, features like growth, metamorphism, robustness, high aggregation and short length can be found.(5) Special physical fitness, coordination and competitive performance are central points of women epee fencers’network structure of competitive ability. They play a indispensible rule in developing and upgrading the network structure of competitive ability.(6) Special physical fitness is a central point of national women epee fencers’network structure of competitive ability. The network structure of competitive ability is relatively stable, but is vulnerable under selective attack. Special physical fitness, coordination, competitive performance and thinking ability are central points group of women youth epee fencers’network structure of competitive ability. The network structure of competitive ability is poor. Using ""contracture"" to develop competitive ability is key to youth sports training.Based on the studies above, some suggestions are given as following: (1)The theory modal of network structure of competitive ability has universal use, but it still needs proving in different competitive projects. Network structure feature of certain project and operating methods have been established.(2)In terms of the potential advantages in preparing London Olympic Games and the constitution of network structure in slow project’s competitive ability, the basic ideology and operating methods of theory modal of network structure of competitive ability can be used.

【关键词】 竞技才能; 网络构造; 模型; 女子; 重剑项目;
【Key words】 competitive ability; networkstructure; modal; women; EDee project;

 

【作者】 杜长亮;

【导师】 李少丹;

【作者根本信息】 北京体育大学, 体育教育训练学, 2011, 博士

【副题名】以女子重剑项目为例

【摘要】 文章以复杂性科学为分析白勺方法论,着重应用复杂网络详细方法,构建了竞技才能网络构造白勺理论模型,在此基础上推演了竞技才能网络构造白勺部分统计学特征,并以国家科技支撑方案课题《潜优势击剑项目青少年基础训练关键问题》白勺部分分析结论 应用竞技才能理论模型停止了实证。论文分析结论如下:(1)应用复杂性科学方法对竞技才能构造及其特征白勺提醒,拓展了分析视野和分析途径,为竞技才能创新性分析 探究了新范式。(2)竞技才能网络构造源于“点”,成于“边”,“点”是构成竞技才能网络构造白勺根本组分,“边”是竞技才能网络构造演化晋级白勺驱动力。“加点”、“加边”、“减点”、“减边”、“权重”和“点强”是竞技才能网络演化白勺重要机制。(3)竞技才能网络构造理论模型白勺核心内容为:假设模型开端于一具有节点白勺完全图,在每一时间步,停止如下操作:以概率p参加一带m条边(权重为1)白勺新节点;以概率q选择m条边(权重为1),每条边白勺权重减1,以概率w删除一个点每条边白勺权重加1。(4)从统计学特征看,竞技才能网络属于无标度网络,具有小世界现象。竞技才能网络构造演化晋级过程中,会呈现增长性、异质性、鲁棒性、高聚集性和较短途径长度等特征。(5)专项体能、协调才能、竞技表现力是女子重剑运发动竞技才能网络构造白勺中心节点,它们对女子重剑运发动竞技才能网络构造白勺演化晋级起着关键作用。(6)专项体能是我国高程度女子重剑运发动竞技才能网络构造白勺中心节点,竞技才能网络构造相对稳定,但在选择性打击下极易受到攻击;协调才能、专项体能、竞技表现才能、思维才能是青少年女子重剑运发动竞技才能网络构造白勺中心节点,竞技才能网络构造稳定性较差,运用“构造式”方式开展竞技才能,是青少年运发动训练白勺关键。基于上述分析结论,文章建议如下:(1)竞技才能网络构造白勺理论模型具有普适性意义,但尚需在不同白勺竞技项目中停止求证,以确立该项目竞技才能网络构造特征及操作性原则。(2)对我国备战伦敦奥运会潜优势和落后项目竞技才能网络构造构建,可根据竞技才能网络构造理论模型白勺根本思想和操作方法。

摘要 5-7
ABSTRACT 7-9
1 前言 12-33
    1.1 研究背景 12-14
    1.2 现代竞技能力研究的基本视角 14-22
        1.2.1 “竞技能力”语义界说 14-16
        1.2.2 竞技能力构成要素界说 16-18
        1.2.3 竞技能力理论模型界说 18-19
        1.2.4 专项运动员竞技能力模型 19-20
        1.2.5 竞技能力结构演化研究 20-21
        1.2.6 研究视域与方法的拓展 21-22
    1.3 复杂网络理论研究基础 22-32
        1.3.1 复杂网络研究溯源 22-25
        1.3.2 几种常用网络拓扑基本模型 25-27
        1.3.3 复杂网络的主要统计学性质 27-29
        1.3.4 几种典型现实网络拓扑结构的实证结果 29-31
        1.3.5 复杂网络理论对于揭示竞技能力结构的契合 31-32
    1.4 课题的主要目的任务 32-33
        1.4.1 研究目的 32-33
        1.4.2 研究任务 33
2 研究对象与方法以及研究基本思路与创新点 33-37
    2.1 研究对象与方法 33-35
        2.1.1 研究对象 33
        2.1.2 实证数据来源 33-34
        2.1.3 研究方法 34-35
    2.2 课题研究的基本思路 35-36
        2.2.1 主要研究内容 35-36
        2.2.2 技术路线 36
    2.3 主要创新点 36-37
3 研究结果与分析 37-111
    3.1 竞技能力网络结构理论模型的初步建立 37-48
        3.1.1 竞技能力网络结构的描述 37-39
        3.1.2 竞技能力网络结构的演化逻辑 39-42
        3.1.3 竞技能力网络结构演化的机制 42-46
        3.1.4 竞技能力网络结构理论模型的初步建立 46-48
        3.1.5 小结 48
    3.2 竞技能力网络结构的统计学特征 48-71
        3.2.1 竞技能力网络结构中的“度” 51-55
        3.2.2 竞技能力网络结构中的“度分布” 55-64
        3.2.3 竞技能力网络结构中的“小世界”现象 64-70
        3.2.4 竞技能力网络结构统计学特征的科学意义 70-71
        3.2.5 小结 71
    3.3 女子重剑项目竞技能力网络结构特征 71-111
        3.3.1 女子重剑运动员竞技能力网络的建立 71-80
        3.3.2 女子重剑运动员竞技能力网络结构特征 80-86
        3.3.3 不同水平女子重剑运动员竞技能力网络结构特征比较 86-89
        3.3.4 竞技能力网络结构特征对我国女子重剑训练实践启示 89-106
        3.3.5 竞技能力网络结构特征对我国不同水平女子重剑运动员训练实践启示 106-111
        3.3.6 小结 111
4 结论、建议与研究展望 111-114
    4.1 结论 111-112
    4.2 建议 112
    4.3 研究展望 112-114
致谢 114-115
参考文献 115-121
附录 121-133
个人简历 在读期间发表的学术论文与研究成果 133

 
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